What Is Spinal Surgery & Why It Is Necessary

Spinal Surgery
A Complete Overview

Lumbar spinal fusion or arthrodesis is a surgery to cure spinal pain and issues in which the vertebrae in the low back is joined or fused. This is known as the main surgery in the medical world and takes several hours to accomplish.
Do you know that there are different types of spinal fusion surgeries? Today we will discuss the meaning of spinal surgery and when it becomes necessary to opt.
In nutshell, in this surgery, bone is taken from the pelvic zone and if it is not the option, the blood bank is preferred. This bone is used to make a bridge between vertebrae that are next to each other. This grafting procedure helps to grow new bone. During this implant, metal prosthetic are used to hold the vertebrae together until new bone grows between them.
What To Expect After Surgery

Lumbar spinal fusion surgery is performed for mechanical low back pain which occurs with increased activities including weight lifting, after labour pain or childbirth or some degenerative changes of the discs. There are numerous reasons that revolve behind the disease. In other cases, the low-grade slippage of the spine lead to surgery and this degeneration is called as degenerative spondylolisthesis and isthmic spondylolisthesis. Before doing this, specific and proper diagnosis of the spinal cord is necessary.
The main indication for the surgery is when the patient suffers from lower back pain for more than six months. This type of pain doesn’t get better with time and can transform into large deformity such as scoliosis. You will need to visit the best surgeon for spinal surgery for further considerations and suggestion and physiotherapy. Recovery becomes fast and healthy when start bed rest and even surgeons recommend wearing a back brace while you recover.
There is another way out which is rehabilitation and that takes a long time. This option includes walking, riding bicycle, swimming, and other similar activities.
Why Surgery Is The Option

Lumbar spinal fusion becomes necessary to remove bone and tissue that are making the spinal canal or cord narrow and squeezing the spinal nerves. It is also done to treat other problems such as spinal stenosis, herniated discs, injuries, infection, and tumours.
Spinal fusion was first used to treat fractures or other problems but nowadays, it is also used to treat age-related spinal issues such as spinal stenosis.
How It Works

The surgery is needed to stabilise the spine stable after injury, infection, or a tumour. But in many cases, it has been seen that spinal fusion and rehabilitation showcase no major differences in the case of degenerative changes in the spine. To know more consult with the best spinal surgeon in Delhi NCR and understand your situation in a better way.

Risks Involved After Surgery

This section is not necessary for all but it depends on the health strata of the patient. If the patient is from the very old age category or have any hereditary issue, any kind of major accident or have another parallel disease, low immune backup and much more, then the probability of risks increase.
Risks include:
•    Severe pain at the bone graft site
•    Failure of the fusion (which is low in rate)
•    Breakage of metal implants
•    Blood clots that may also lead to pulmonary embolism
•    Nerve injury
•    Graft rejection
•    Infection


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