Your baby is already one month old. The birth of a child is a beautiful experience in the life of the parents. Now the newborn is among you, and you will have a tremendous adaptation ahead.
The first couple days with the baby are peculiar. The enormous happiness of having him finally in his arms coexists with the discomforts of the postpartum, tiredness and worries about baby care.
But the baby of 1 month also lives great changes. She has been in the womb for nine months and is suddenly in a new environment full of stimuli. That is why you have to treat it so that your life is as close as it was to the inside of the womb. A cozy atmosphere, warm, soft and soft.
That newborns come without an instruction manual is true, fortunately. Because every baby has their own needs and because there is nothing more wonderful than discovering it.
We see the main characteristics of the babies of 1 month :
First Month Baby Feeding
The best food for the newborn is breast milk. Ideally, it should be placed on the breast at birth, within two hours of birth. It is when the baby has the instinct more to the flower of skin and favors the bond of attachment with the mother.
It is essential for successful breastfeeding that the baby will properly cling to the breast. There are several possible postures, but always the baby should cover a good portion of the alveolar of the chest with his mouth, as you can see in this video.
Breastfeeding should be on demand, i.e., breastfeeding when the child wishes, without burdens or schedules, or frequencies, both day and night.
During the first month, as the mother and baby adjust, breastfeeding takes time. It is more than likely that the baby will fall asleep during the shot or need to flare and in a short time, start again.
Breastfeeding is ideal for the newborn. However, there are mothers who for medical or social reasons do not want or can not feed it with their milk.
Artificial lactation consists of starter milk formulas that must be carefully prepared. The bottle should be pre-sterilized, it should be prepared at the time of the intake and can not be reused the milk that has not been taken. During the first month, the shots are given every three hours.
The time to give the bottle should be a pleasant moment. You should be calm in a comfortable posture and the baby a little incorporated with his head on your arm so that it does not clog.
When you start feeding off the belly, you will begin to make blackish deposits called meconium during the first few days, which will then become liquid, yellowish cavities. Diaper changes will be very frequent, between 6 and eight changes per day.
First Month Baby Sleep
A newborn needs to sleep for many hours. We should not interfere in the time that the baby sleeps, it is a physiological necessity as is hunger or the need for affection.
The one-month-old baby still does not have a sleep rhythm and needs to wake up several times to feed.
Throughout the day he moves between waking and sleeping, without differentiating the day at night. Little by little you will associate the time of sleep with the night and one of the vigils with the day if we are introducing certain habits. For example, darken the room at night (with a dim light to be able to attend) to associate darkness and silence with the night and light and noise with the day.
The sleep pattern of a one-month-old baby has two phases: deep sleep and REM phase. Their order is irregular due to the lack of rhythm of melatonin, hormone responsible for regulating sleep-wake cycles, which normalizes around 4-6 months. Breast milk, by containing melatonin, favors the regulation of the baby’s biological rhythms.
Although it causes great tiredness in the parents, it is healthy that the baby wakes up at night. The baby needs to wake up to eat to avoid hypoglycemia. Also, the nocturnal shots promote increased breast milk production.
Because of the baby’s need to feed himself so often during the night and his need to be in touch with the mother, the ideal is for the baby to sleep in the same room as his parents, and those who want it in the same bed, Provided that certain guidelines are met for the safety of the child .
The sudden death is a ghost that haunts many parents. For avoiding it, we must take into account some very important indications like not taking the baby too much to sleep and putting him to sleep always face up.
First-Month Baby Growth
The term baby is born with a weight around 3 kilos and 3 kilos and a half of weight on average. The days after birth produce a physiological weight loss of about 10% of its weight. It is completely normal and is due to the loss of fluids that occur after delivery.
It will quickly recover those lost grams gaining weight around 180-200 grams per week.
The average length of a newborn is 50 cm, somewhat less in the case of girls while the cranial perimeter is around 34 cm. At the first check-ups, the weight-height-perimeter parameters will be measured to control their growth.
It is not good to become obsessed with the newborn’s weight gain. While doing the shots frequently and changing the diaper about 6-8 times a day, there is no need to worry. It is important to clarify that babies fed formula milk gain more weight than breastfed babies.
First Month Baby Development
The one-month-old baby is able to:
Direct the look to a specific point and follow a face with the look Look for the voice of the mother See a short distance of 30-40 cm It is startled by a loud noise Grimacing Raise the head slightly when facedown Bend the four extremities It preserves some primary reflections like the reflection of the Moor and the reflex of grasp
Sociability of the Baby of First Month
During the first month, the figure of the mother is essential for the life of the child. The relationship with others begins with the mother and then is extended to other people.
Towards the end of the first month of life, something wonderful happens: the baby gives us his first sneeze. The angelic smile, a reflection of the baby at birth, becomes a conscious smile as a response to a social stimulus such as talking or smiling.
The way to communicate the newborn is crying . That is why it is so important to always listen to your crying that you will gradually begin to interpret. You will know when you cry because of hunger, because of tiredness, because you want arms or because of pain and that around the third week of life you may begin to suffer the famous colic of the infant.
Skin-to-skin contact, smiles, soft words, holding you in the arms, caresses, and massages are the way to communicate with the baby. It is absolutely advisable and necessary for him to be touched. It promotes its development as well as being relaxing and enjoyable for both parents and baby.