The various treatments that can be provided to the cancer patients are as follows-
Surgery is one of the oldest treatments for cancer. Surgery can be initially done in order to diagnose cancer. For diagnosing whether the person has cancer or not and what type of Cancer is it a small piece of tissue is taken and tested. Further in order to detect the extent of cancer staging surgery is conducted. Finally, a curative surgery along with other treatment is conducted for the removal of the cancerous tissues from the body of the patient. Some other surgeries like palliative surgery, supportive surgery, restoration surgery and preventive surgeries can be undertaken for the cancer treatment.
Through the Radiation therapy, high doses of x-rays or proton beams are used to destroy cancer cells or to slower the growth of cancer cells. The radiation therapy is used as the primary treatment by the doctors. However, in some cases, the radiation therapy is used after the surgery or the chemotherapy to kill the remaining cancerous tissues. In some case, the radiation therapy alone can cure cancer while in other cases it can be used in combination with other treatments. There are several other types of radiation therapies like the three-dimensional radiation therapy, Intensity modulated radiation therapy, proton beam therapy etc.
Through the chemotherapy, the drugs are used to the kill the cancer cells in the body of the patient. Chemotherapy works throughout the body of the patient. Through chemotherapy, the cancer cells are killed that have spread throughout the whole body away from the primary tumor. Chemotherapy can be used as the cure, control or the palliative chemotherapy. The palliation chemotherapy can be used to ease the symptoms caused by cancer.
Through the process of immunotherapy, the immune system of the patient is boosted to fight cancer. It uses substances made by the body or in a laboratory to improve or restore immune system function. The treatment through immunization aims at slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells, spreading of cancer cells to other parts of the body and assisting the immune system to work in a better manner. The various types of immunotherapy include Monoclonal antibodies, Non-specific immunotherapies, Oncolytic virus therapy, T-cell therapy and Cancer vaccines.
Targeted therapy is a kind of cancer treatment that uses certain drugs to target the changes in the cancer cells. These changes in the cancer cells help them to grow, divide and spread. This treatment works by targeting the specific genes or proteins that are founded in the cancer cells or related to cancer cells and help in their growth. Very often target therapy is used along with the chemotherapy and other treatments. There are mainly two types of targeted therapy Monoclonal antibodies and small molecule drugs.
Hormone therapy is a form of systematic treatment that blocks or remove hormones from the body to slow or stop the growth the growth of the cancer cells. Through certain hormones, the growth of certain cancers, such as breast and prostate are encouraged. Hormone therapy majorly includes the intake of medicines that prevent the cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to grow.
Precision treatment is called the personalized treatment. Through this treatment, the doctors select treatments that are most likely to help patients based on a genetic understanding of their disease. This treatment is based on the understanding that tumors have genetic changes that cause cancer to grow and spread.
Stem Cell Transplant
Stem cell transplantation is a process that replaces the unhealthy blood-forming cells with the healthy cells. Sometimes stem cell transplant is also referred as bone marrow transplant. Stem cell transplant assists the doctors in providing large doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy to increase the chance of eliminating blood cancer in the marrow. In the process of stem cell transplant, the donor’s stem cells are transfused into the patient’s blood. The transplanted stem cells go from the patients’ blood to his marrow. The various types of stem cell transplants are autologous, allogeneic and reduced intensity stem cell transplantation.